Business Statistics 3E , Black, 2000


A
Abbott Mead Vickers, 44
Absolute zero, 7
Acceptance sampling, 767-773
   consumer's risk, 769
   determining error, 768-770
   double-sample plan, 767-768
   ethical considerations, 776
   multiple-sample plan, 768
   operating-characteristic curve, 770-772
   producer's risk, 769
   single-sample plan, 767
   Type I error, 768-770
   Type II error, 768-770
Additive law of probability, 97-105
   complement of a union, 102-103
   general law of, 97-99
   probability matrix, 99-103
   special law of, 103-105
Adjusted R2, 521-522
Advanced exponential smoothing, 645
Advantage, 41
Advertising agencies, 44
   risk-taking by, 721
After-process quality control, 739
Agri-business time-series database, 12
Airline passengers, 153
Airline ticket costs, 703
Alamo, 41
Allianze, 60
All possible regressions, 549
Alpha, 287-288
   ethical considerations, 326
   p-value method, 294
   relationship to beta, 288
Alphatronix, 733
Alternative hypothesis, 285-286
   chi-square goodness-of-fit test, 672
   chi-square test of independence, 682
   choosing and Type II error, 320
   Friedman test, 713
   Kruskal-Wallis test, 709
   Mann-Whitney U test, 693
   multiple regression analysis, 516
   one-tailed test, 289-290
   one-way analysis of variance, 395
   randomized block design, 416
   runs test, 689, 690
   two-way analysis of variance, 428
   Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test, 701
Analog models, 456
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
   assumptions underlying, 396-397
   completely randomized, 394-406
   defined, 393
   factorial design, 426-443
   multiple comparison tests, 406-414
   one-way, 394-406
   two-way, 426-443
Andersen Worldwide, 55
A posteriori, 407
A priori, 89, 407
Area sampling, 219-220
   advantages of, 220
   disadvantages of, 220
   two-stage sampling, 220
Arithmetic mean, 40-41. See also Mean
Asatsu, 44
Association
   correlation, 489-493
   covariance, 493-494
Australia, 48
Autocorrelation, 646-650
   addition of independent variables, 650
   defined, 646
   Durbin-Watson test, 647-650
   first-differences approach, 650
   first-order, 647
   MINITAB, 667
   transforming variables, 650
   ways to overcome, 650
Autoregression, 651-652
   defined, 651
Averaging models, 636-640
   moving averages, 638-639
   simple average model, 636-638
   weighted moving averages, 639-640
Avis, 41
AXA-UAP, 60

B
Backward elimination, 554-555
BankAmerica, 46
Banking industry, national ideology and performance, 413
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, 46
Base period for index numbers, 594
Bayes, Thomas, 119
Bayes' rule, 119-122, 804
   total probability formula, 120
   tree diagram, 121
BDO Seidman, 55
Belgium, 48
Bell-shaped curve, 71-72, 180
Benchmarking, 741
   ethical considerations, 776
Berends, Boyd, 451
Berg, Steven, 662
Beta, 288
   relationship to alpha, 288
Bimodal, 38
Binomial distributions, 137-147
   approximating by Poisson distribution, 154-155
   assumptions of, 137-138
   binomial tables for, 141-142
   combinations, 139
   compared to Poisson distributions, 148
   computer for, 142-143, 170
   defined, 137
   ethical considerations, 160
   Excel, 142-143, 170
   formula for, 140
   graphing, 145-146
   hypergeometric distributions compared to, 158-159
   mean of, 144
   MINITAB, 142-143, 170
   normal curve to work problems of, 191-195
   replacement and, 137
   sample size and, 138
   solving problems of, 138-141
   standard deviation, 144
Blocking variables, 415
BMW, 46, 208
BNP-SG-Paribas, 46
Booth, David, 536
Bounds, 271
Box and whisker plots, 72-75
   defined, 72
   hinges, 73
   inner fences, 73
   MINITAB, 86
   outer fences, 73
   outliers, 73
   skewness, 74
   uses of, 73-74
Brazil, 48
Brouthers, L., 413
Bruskin-Goldring Research, 109
Brzozowski, Leonard, 780
Budget, 41

C
Canada, 48
Carlson Marketing Group, 44
Car rental companies, 41
Cause-and-effect diagrams, 748-749
   MINITAB, 783-784